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Ten Novel Dog Breeds Identified in the Twenty-First Century

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There are over 200 dog breeds in the world that we’ve been fortunate enough to adore, ranging in size from tiny, delicate puppies to bigger, powerful hounds! However, what does it really mean to belong to a “official breed”?

Nearly every year, the American Kennel Club acknowledges new breeds via a rigorous registration procedure. To be classified as a new breed, a number of requirements must be met, such as having a minimum population of 300 dogs and a three-generation pedigree. It is also not permitted for an AKC approved breed to be a cross between two recognized breeds, such as a Poodle and a Golden Retriever.

The process of creating a new dog breed may take a long time, and a breed isn’t always new merely because it was just recognized. Some of the puppies in this list have really existed for hundreds of years. Learn about these ten contemporary dog breeds!

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1: A rat terrier positioned on the grass

Acknowledged year: 2013.

Despite their potential 10-inch height, the Rat Terrier’s endearing appearance should not be misled! The name of this breed comes from its skill as a hunter, which was first used to hunt small game on farms, such as rats or jackrabbits. Unless you like having recently excavated areas in your yard, it’s crucial to keep these “exterminators” busy with physical activity and socializing. Play gadgets should always be available!

2: Tulear Cotton Tulear standing on the grass

Recognized year: 2014

Get to know the cotton ball, or Coton de Tulear! These little friends, whose coats are silky and white, are appropriately named Coton, the French term for “cotton.” Although the breed’s origins are a little unclear, we do know that they ultimately made their way to Madagascar, where they were rather popular. Although cotons tend to be low-shedding breeds, regular brushing is still necessary to help avoid knots and matting in their hair.

3: Tiny American Shepherd Tiny American Shepherd relaxing on the lawn

2015 was the recognized year.

The Miniature American Shepherd is a new breed that should not be mistaken with the Australian Shepherd, despite what could first seem to be a misprint! Before breeders decided on the ultimate name and established this amiable youngster as a distinct dog, they went through many rounds of name changes, including the North American Shepherd. Originally raised as small Aussies, they were also known as the Miniature Australian Shepherd. Even though this herder often stays under 19 inches tall, they may still be taught to win agility contests and games.

4: A puma resting on grass

Acknowledged year: 2016.

The Hungarian Pumi became popular across Europe and was included to the list of dog breeds! They went by the moniker “the clown” because of their very vigilant-looking ears that are pricked at the top of their heads. Although this dog is bred for a variety of coat colors, its curls are always identifiable. The Pumi’s herding instincts may still take over, even though they make wonderful family dogs. This might lead to noisy barking or restlessness when the dog is alone itself.

5: A sloughi standing atop gras

Acknowledged year: 2016.

Discover the majestic, kind giant known as the Sloughi! This sighthound, which is pronounced “SLOO-ghee,” is sometimes called the Arabian Greyhound due to its resemblance in appearance to a typical Greyhound. Even though the Sloughi is a relatively young dog breed, they have existed for a much longer. In reality, evidence points to this dog breed as one of the oldest, having lived for at least 6,000 years in parts of North Africa.

6: Kooikerhondje Nederlands

Dutch Kooikerhondje sprawled out on the lawn

Recognized year: 2018.

How should one pronounce the name Kooikerhondje in Dutch? Suggestion: Say Koi-ker-hond-jay (say that three times quickly!). Nay-der-lands. Fortunately, this Dutch dog goes by the short moniker “Kooikers.” The distinctive black hairs at the tips of their ears allow you to immediately identify a Kooiker even though they share many traits with Spaniels and Tollers. Hunters previously employed this new kind of dog to assist draw waterfowl closer to the coast. They are great in the water and would suit someone with an active lifestyle, as you could have imagined.

#7: An azawakh rushing over grass

2019 is the recognized year.

Follow the Azawakh, if you can! This native of West Africa was previously highly valued for their prowess in the hunting field, using their remarkable speed to pursue prey such as gazelles or hares in the desert. These days, this pal with lengthy legs is a terrific running partner. This can help them let go of their bottled-up energies and deepen your relationship!

8: An Argentine dogo sprinting over grass

2020 is the recognized year.

Being the first breed to originate in Argentina, the Dogo Argentino created history in 1973! Because of its very muscular physique, this enormous dog breed was known as the “Argentine Mastiff” before they were recognized as a separate breed. The Dogo has a kind side that makes them a lovable part of the family, even though they were developed for the powerful qualities of a watchdog and hunter (provided you don’t mind a 100-pound friend on your sofa!).

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9: A Biewer Terrier standing on the grass.

Acknowledged year: 2021

At first sight, this cherished Biewer (pronounced Beaver) Terrier could seem familiar! This German dog was identified almost 70 years after the Yorkshire Terrier, despite having long fur and delicate facial traits. The Biewer’s tricolored coat with noticeable black streaks throughout is its most distinctive characteristic. If regularly groomed, their smooth, soft fur is readily maintained. However, if you want a longer “show” appearance, it will need a lot of upkeep.

10: Mudi mudi perched on a rock

Acknowledged year: 2022

The Mudi is energetic, adaptable, and intelligent! The Mudi are not only the newest additions to our list, but they are also a unique breed of dog that originates in Hungary. This working dog, which is often employed to herd sheep and calves, requires a lot of mental and physical activity to keep healthy. You will undoubtedly feel everything but “moody” after spending some additional time with your Mudi.


Victoria is a passionate pet enthusiast and seasoned writer at With a deep love for animals and years of experience in pet care, she shares valuable insights, tips, and stories to help fellow pet owners nurture and understand their furry friends better.

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