9 Egyptian Cat Breeds

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Egypt is home to 9 notable cat breeds: the Egyptian Mau, the Abyssinian, the African Wildcat, the Sphynx, the Arabian Mau, Chausie, Savannah, Shirazi, Nile Valley Egyptian Cat. These breeds are cherished for their unique characteristics and historical significance.

Exploring the world of Egyptian cat breeds unveils a fascinating blend of natural beauty and ancient lineage. Egyptian Mau carry a legacy steeped in history, with their spotted coats and striking green eyes. The Arabian Mau is not only resilient but also adaptable, having thrived in the desert for centuries.

Chausies are known for their wild ancestry, large builds, and playful nature. Caracats retain exotic traits thanks to their partial African Wildcat heritage. Lastly, the Savannah, known for their tall and sleek frames, come from a mix that includes the wild African Serval. These breeds embody a rich feline heritage, making them a popular choice among cat lovers and breed enthusiasts around the globe. With their regal demeanors and diverse personalities, Egyptian cat breeds continue to capture hearts and fascinate those who appreciate their unique charm.

Ancient Egyptian Reverence

The ancient Egyptians held cats in the highest esteem. They were symbols of grace and poise. Cats protected families from vermin and evil spirits. To harm one was to invite misfortune.

Cultural Importance

Egyptians viewed cats as guardians of both homes and sacred spaces. High-ranking officials often depicted with feline companions. These majestic creatures were integral to family life and spiritual practice. Their presence was a charm for good health and prosperity.

  • Representation of deities like Bastet.
  • Pets in royal households.
  • Symbols of fertility and protection.

Symbolism In Art

Feline figures prominently feature in tomb art and sculptures. Cats were a frequent muse for craftsmen and painters. They signified domestic harmony and were a common motif for good fortune talismans.

Egyptian Mau

The Egyptian Mau stands out as a mesmerizing symbol of ancient Egypt. It carries a legacy steeped in history, paired with a distinct spotted coat that captivates cat lovers around the world. Renowned for its natural elegance and athletic build, the Egyptian Mau remains one of the few naturally spotted domestic cat breeds, and continues to charm people with its unique combination of appearance and personality.

Egyptian Mau photo


The Egyptian Mau’s lineage dates back thousands of years. Its ancestors are depicted in ancient Egyptian art, signaling the breed’s long-standing presence and revered status in early civilization. Believed to be the domesticated descendants of African wild cats, Maus have been companions to humans since the times of the Pharaohs, serving both as hunters and cherished pets.


Egyptian Maus are easily recognized by their striking spots and expressive green eyes. As one of the fastest cat breeds, they possess powerful hind legs that contribute to their impressive agility and speed. Their coat can come in silver, bronze, and smoke, each adorned with the distinctive spots that set them apart from other breeds. Maus are also known for their friendly demeanor, often wagging their tails and chirping in a unique manner to communicate with their owners.

  • Distinctive spotted coat
  • Impressive jumper and climber
  • Expresses affection with a unique vocalization
  • Lives well with families and other pets


The Abyssinian cat, known for its remarkable coat and spirited personality, is a breed that boasts an ancient heritage. This feline is often mistaken for a tiny cougar due to its striking appearance and elegant movements. Let’s delve into what makes the Abyssinian a sought-after companion among cat enthusiasts.

Egyptian Abyssinian photo

Distinctive Features

  • Lively expression: Large, almond-shaped eyes give the Abyssinian an alert and curious look.
  • Ticked coat: Each hair has multiple bands of color, creating a warm, shimmering effect.
  • Muscular build: Strong, lithe body that moves with grace and agility.
  • Sizable ears: Pointed and large, contributing to their keen sense of hearing.
  • Color variety: Ruddy, red, blue, and fawn are the common hues of the Abyssinian’s fur.


The Abyssinian is one of the most favored cat breeds around the globe.

Its playful nature and striking looks win hearts easily. Loving but independent, the Abyssinian thrives in various household settings. Kid-friendly and social, these cats often become lifelong companions.

African Wildcat

The African Wildcat is a distinctive feline, revered in Egyptian history. Closely related to domestic cats, these wildcats are ancestors to many breeds we know and love today. Let’s journey through the savannahs of Africa and uncover the secrets of the African Wildcat.


With a story spanning over 10,000 years, the African Wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) traces its lineage with pride. Egyptians tamed these cats for their natural prowress in controlling pests. Mummified alongside pharaohs, they symbolize eternal respect between humans and felines.

Egyptian African Wildcat photo


Despite their wild roots, African Wildcats possess a gentle demeanor around familiar faces. Agile and perceptive, they showcase their hunting instincts when needed. In families, these cats exhibit cautious affection, capturing hearts with their independent yet endearing nature.


The Sphynx cat, with its hairless body and captivating features, stands out among Egyptian cat breeds. Known for its friendly nature and warm skin, the Sphynx is a favorite for many cat lovers. In this section, we delve into the origins and physical traits that make the Sphynx so unique.


Contrary to popular belief, the Sphynx cat isn’t an ancient breed. It first appeared in Canada in 1966, owing to a natural genetic mutation. Breeders then further developed the breed. The name ‘Sphynx’ recalls the majestic Egyptian statues, linking the cat to a regal past.

Egyptian Sphynx photo

Physical Traits

The Sphynx’s most noticeable feature is its hairless skin. This close-to-naked appearance is due to a recessive gene. But they’re not completely hairless; they have fine, downy fuzz. Their skin is warm and soft to the touch, often compared to suede.

Here’s a quick look at Sphynx cat features:

  • Wrinkled Skin: Extra skin folds, especially around the shoulders, ears, and muzzle.
  • Large Ears: Their ears are broad and open, resembling those of a bat.
  • Lemon-Shaped Eyes: These expressive eyes give the Sphynx a distinctive, alert gaze.
  • Muscular Body: A sturdy, athletic build with a rounded abdomen.
  • Whip-like Tail: A long, slender tail that extends from a powerful base.

While lacking a fur coat, the Sphynx’s skin comes in various colors and patterns. These are often the same as those found in fully furred cats. The color is visible due to pigmentation in the skin itself.

Note: Sphynx cats require regular bathing to remove body oils that would normally be absorbed by fur. Their skin can be sensitive to both cold and sun. Providing a warm, safe environment is key for their care.

Baladi: The Street Cat

The Baladi cat, often seen roaming the vibrant streets of Egypt, is a symbol of resilience and beauty. With an elegant stance and keen survival instincts, these street cats have become an integral part of Egyptian urban life. A deeper look reveals charismatic felines with a story that intertwines with human history.


These indigenous cats of Egypt have been sharing their lives with humans for thousands of years. Revered in ancient times, they’ve since adapted to street life. Quick-footed and alert, Baladi cats have mastered the hustle of city survival.

Egyptian Baladi The Street Cat photo

Unique Features

  • Survival Skills: Their agility and intelligence make them expert foragers and hunters.
  • Piercing Eyes: Their gaze can be captivating with an array of brilliant colors.
  • Diverse Colors: Fur shades range from solids to mixes, often with striking patterns.


The Chausie stands out among Egyptian cat breeds!

This fascinating hybrid breed blends the wild jungle cat’s lines with the domestic feline’s grace. It’s a living testament to ancient Egypt’s legacy, captivating cat enthusiasts worldwide.

Unique Features

  • Regal Posture: Tall, elegant legs.
  • Exotic Appearance: Resembles wild ancestors.
  • Vivid Markings: Beautiful, distinct patterns.
Egyptian Chausie photo


Intelligent and active, the Chausie adores playtime.

They bond deeply with family and exhibit loyalty.

With a curious nature, they need constant mental stimulation.


Meet the Savannah, a breathtaking blend of wild and domestic. This cat breed stands out with an exotic appearance that echoes its African Serval ancestry. Beloved by cat enthusiasts around the world, let’s delve into the unique traits that make the Savannah a truly special feline.

Distinct Spotted Coat

The Savannah cat’s coat is a marvel, truly setting it apart. Each coat boasts unique spots that mimic the African wildcat. These spots vary in shape and size, dancing across their tawny fur, creating a visual spectacle. The coat doesn’t just enchant; it also provides a velvety touch sure to draw you in with every pet.

Egyptian Savannah cat


Savannah cats possess a lively temperament. Their origins instill a playful spirit and sharp intelligence. They bond deeply, often showing loyalty reminiscent of dogs. Despite their wild heritage, Savannahs display a fondness for human companionship, reveling in interactive play and closeness.


The Shirazi cat stands as a breed with a noble lineage, believed to have originated from the mystic lands of Persia. Now flourishing in Egypt, the Shirazi is not just a pet but a symbol of elegance and grace. This stunning feline captivates hearts with its plush coat and soulful eyes, making it a highly revered breed among cat lovers. Let’s dive into the rich tapestry that makes the Shirazi cat an exceptional Egyptian treasure.

Physical Attributes

Shirazi cats boast a luxurious, dense coat that comes in an array of stunning colors and patterns. Their physical profile is marked by a robust body, a broad chest, and sturdy legs. The breed’s head is rounded with well-spaced ears, while their eyes sparkle like gems, ranging in color from deep blue to rich amber.

Egyptian Shirazi cat


  • Noted for their calm demeanor
  • Affectionate companions, seeking human interaction
  • Intelligent and curious, often enjoying puzzle toys
  • Adaptable to various environments
  • Known for their soft, melodious meow

Nile Valley Egyptian Cat

The Nile Valley Egyptian Cat is not just a pet, it’s a piece of ancient history. This breed, with its sleek body and agile movements, echoes the elegance of cats seen in ancient Egyptian artworks. Known for their affectionate nature, these cats make both loving companions and skillful hunters. Let’s explore the unique qualities that set the Nile Valley Egyptian Cat apart.

Hardy Breed

The Nile Valley Egyptian Cat is noted for its robust health. They are descendants of feline companions to pharaohs and have evolved to survive in harsh environments. This resilience means fewer trips to the vet and a companion ready for adventures.

Nile Valley Egyptian Cat


  • Quick to adjust to new situations
  • Confident with other pets and people
  • Enjoys both indoor and outdoor environments

I recommend reading: 28 Amazing Facts About White Cats

Frequently Asked Questions

What Cat Breeds Did The Egyptians Have?

The ancient Egyptians had a breed resembling today’s Egyptian Mau. These cats were valued for their hunting abilities and physical grace.

What Is The Most Popular Cat In Egypt?

The most popular cat in Egypt is the Egyptian Mau, known for its spotted coat and striking green eyes.

What Is The Native Cat Of Egypt?

The native cat of Egypt is the Egyptian Mau, known for its spotted coat and green eyes. It’s an ancient breed, closely related to Africa’s wild cats.


Exploring the grace of Egyptian cat breeds offers a glimpse into the ancient world. These felines capture hearts with their elegance and mystique. Whether you’re enchanted by the sleek Siamese or the majestic Mau, each breed carries a legacy worth cherishing.

Embrace the opportunity to care for one, and you’ll own a piece of history.

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